Quantifying grazing effects on rangeland under different scenarios and adaptive strategies in Israel and China
China and Israel, as two ancient nations, have a long history of grazing. Much of the land in China that is grazed today was under grazing for the last millennia and so in Israel. Rangeland productivity, soil, and climate differ in both two countries. As we know, the same stocking rate may impose different grazing pressure on different rangeland types. We want to construct general models that could prescribe recommended stocking rates given specific environmental conditions in various rangeland types, and try to find out how different models would be calibrated for Israel and China. This study firstly examines the differences and similarities in grazing effects on rangeland between Israel and China; then standardize of grazing intensity and grazing system with relation to climate, vegetation and soil variabilities, and conduct scenario analysis under unwanted transition to a dominance of poisonous plants, extreme climate, land use; finally, compare the results between Israel and China and provide adaptive strategies for grazing management.